In the future, Militia training will be universal. Small harms (arms) will be locked up at home in healthy communities and guarded in neighborhood armories where recent hostilities have flared.
Able-bodied teenagers will receive some military training, if only field medicine and man-pack logistics for conscientious objectors. These apprentice warriors will be called Ephebes (ehfehbs, from the Greek for a youngster approaching manhood). Equivalent terms in a local dialect will be acceptable, also the term “learner warrior” or its local equivalent. This training would take two or three months during yearly high school summer camps, a week or so every few months for the following two or three years, and as long and often thereafter as local elections and voluntary membership permit.
The right to vote should not be tied to a military obligation, contrary to the Swiss model of no vote without military service. Learners should discuss this idea. Voluntary social work – like Vista or the Peace Corps – should remain separate from any military obligation. PeaceWorld will demand much more volunteer civil service.
It is not so much a question of keeping Church and State separate—or School and State separate, for that matter. We must not delude ourselves: religion is and has always been an integral part of government and its educational system. Weapon functions and institutions should become vestigial, while peace functions resume the fore. We should separate killing from life-support functions, and the functions of Government from those of Administration. Under this separation of powers, local Administrations will retain control over every peace preservation function including the local Militia.
This Militia will require small cadres of full-time military instructors, combat specialists and tactical leaders: Militia Condottieri (mercenaries).
Unlike the Swiss Militia whose officer corps militarized the Swiss upper class, and unlike Israeli officer candidates who hailed in majority from certain schools and kibbutzim (nowadays, from cults of Zionist extremists), this professional soldiery should have no clustered source of recruitment, no significant political affiliation and no other job ties.
The very idea of private military contractors (hired killers) will be criminalized on PeaceWorld and eventually considered obscene. Individuals under threat because of their popular politics will be protected by the World Court and local administrations, or due to their malice and favoritism of special interests, by no-one.
Condottieri force levels should remain dangerously low. Retention will be merit-based on a competitive basis. Condottieri will fulfill their duties under intense political scrutiny. They will be reassigned worldwide at random intervals and for no apparent reason. Military honor will bind their loyalty to judicial decisions rendered by the World Court. Any deviation from those decisions will be deemed high treason by the deviant’s military peers and punished accordingly.
The remnants of coastal, customs and border guard units will be recruited from local Militias. Defense and law enforcement will only devolve to World Court troops if local Militias and Police become too corrupt or biased to enforce the peace and global regulations. For example, crooked law enforcement, factional infighting and over-quota commercial harvesting.
If local Militias become too polarized to do their duty, World Court military police units will relieve them, backed by as many World Court commando and mechanized units as necessary. Once peace has been secured, the native Militia will be retrained to enforce peace and justice until they gradually replace confederate military police. Where possible, local militants will be recruited into the World Militia.
This will work well as long as two rules remain in force:
· Local Militia and its recruits must never be allowed to polarize along ethnic, religious and other lines without immediate intervention; and
· The 1-800-MY-RIGHTS telephone number mustn’t ceaselessly ring up the World Court from that region without immediate intervention.
World Court units will only intervene in local affairs with the utmost circumspection. Those interventions will cost local Administrations exorbitant tax levies after the fact, proceeds of which will finance future World Court interventions. These levies will be deferred if they threaten to induce “Weimar Germany” outcomes: intensifying popular resentment rather than reducing it. Instead, a Marshall Plan will be drawn up to satisfy local needs—the way we execute environmental protection plans these days.
Rigidly warlike regions will be isolated and “frozen out” of global exchanges until local leadership changes its mind. New approaches will need to be found to deal with warrior elites without harming the masses they hold hostage. Neighboring Militias will see to on-the-ground defense; World Court strike forces, to strategic deterrence along the periphery.
These Prism organizations should shrink over time. The United States is prosperous because its State borders are kept permeable, because its career military are compartmentalized away from politics and because government regulations are kept to a minimum under strong courts. At least that’s the theory.
During the first decades of Learner apprenticeship, elite mobile killer forces will be required for strategic deployment worldwide. These World Court troops will make up a peace-making Foreign Legion. Its units will incorporate a mixed airborne assault/mechanized corps with organic air support per continent, a naval task force for each of the seven seas, plus command, transportation and logistics assets as required.
These tough Regulars will train full-time to apply selective violence and endure brutal casualties required to separate the sides of a civil war. Since they will be made up of a random intermixture of international expatriates, little political influence will be go to remove them from trouble or withdraw them once their losses escalate; unlike national troops whose families and supporters might vote down excessive troop casualties. No aggressor could rely on their attrition losses to assure the withdrawal of these Legionaries by world opinion. On the contrary, the more casualties, the more tenacious the Legion’s grasp and the stronger its reinforcement—by tradition—a little like Gypsies and Masai. No-one would dare harm a few of them because, if so, hundreds more would come looking for particulars, calling in firepower hurricanes, and retrieving their dead.
Shielded by this Legion from dominant neighbors, local minorities will set their own political agenda and establish their own Militia units to enforce moderation against all comers. Militia recruitment will reach across every prismatic barrier. Whenever possible, local leaders will join the Militia, both to uphold Learner ideals and to defend egalitarian politics.
After a cease-fire brings local combat to an end, its fiercest combatants will be granted provisional amnesty. This, providing they agree to join the Foreign Legion for long postings to the other side of the planet. They may not come home until they’ve become grizzled retirees. Once they’ve made their way back home, they will enjoy their pension and their narration of war stories so horrific as to stand local ephebes’ hair on end. This system will become as self-perpetuating across the globe as it has become in the Gurkha villages of Nepal.
· Velites : local militia
· Hastati : Legion
· Triari : on pension or condottieri
Brief home leaves might be allowed earlier on to see the family – no longer than a few days and carefully scrutinized – then extending in length and freedom for longer-service legionaries. Perhaps as a reward for valor and conspicuous merit displayed during new postings? Perhaps, we shall see.
World Government will limit its other interventions to disaster relief through dedicated and non-governmental agencies. The management of disaster relief and reconstruction will be freed from a military chain of command and placed over it. The military will serve as bodyguards and security advisors, no longer as governors. Otherwise, local Administrations and its citizens will handle local matters. Any World Court military intervention will entail massive tax levies once the affected region has recovered, to defray similar interventions elsewhere.
The World Court Foreign Legion will rely on voluntary international recruitment. Under normal circumstances, Legionaries will not serve as occupation troops. When not deployed or on maneuvers, they will occupy small, isolated barracks. Foreign Legion garrisons will be kept as small as possible, such that they could only augment local militias. Without reinforcement, they will be too weak to contradict the Law upheld by local militias.
Government and Administrative objectives will be negotiated in depth before each new military operation. From time to time, local light infantry Militias and mechanized Foreign Legion “stiffeners” may coordinate combined-arms maneuvers as none-too-subtle warnings of impending interventions in earnest.
No Foreign Legion unit should contain too many recruits from the same region. Paul Lackman mentions that Russia mixes its troops of diverse origins so that no unit can cohere along ethnic lines, with the exception of Russian Slavs who remain dominant. The U.S. Regular Army does much the same thing. Gracelessly, it jumbles troops together without regard to their hometown. On the other hand, the American National Guard and foreign armies recruit entire units from geographic hubs. Local recruitment promotes unit integrity and morale since its recruits must answer to their home community for their behavior in combat.
Only Foreign Legion troops would suffer from these restrictions. Militia units will recruit, train and deploy locally if necessary. Without World Court support, they would lack sufficient logistics assets to deploy far afield, and enough heavy weaponry to prevail against light infantry of equal quality.
Civilians would be amazed how many elite commandos can be killed or pinned down by a few well-placed machine guns – even those manned by relative amateurs – in the absence of pinpoint targeting by artillery in support of their attack. Such unsupported assaults rarely work out as well as they do in Hollywood action movies. At best, artillery and air bombardment level everything, and follow-up infantry attack with armored support after taking significant casualties to overrun a few dazed survivors and their automatic weapons.
Also, heavy casualties among these units will be hard to hide, since every loss will be reported to the grieving home community. Local families won’t take long to determine how many of their sons and husbands had fallen in combat. Too bad. Learners will never hide the horror of military casualties.
No nation-state will maintain strategic armed units beyond a few squads of mobile and municipal SWAT police, local human rights investigators, a control network for transport networks and a ceremonial guard unit: the Continental Constabulary.
There will be no more international or inter-service military rivalry between members of this Foreign Legion, beyond the adolescent posturing likely among young warriors. The World Court will administer the Legion as its uniformed enforcement branch; its World Court Inspectorate will administer the World Militia globally. Recruitment into the Foreign Legion will be based on basic training by Militia units and selection from among them. Militia Condottieri will be drawn from the pick of Foreign Legionnaires.
The World Court will regulate weapons manufacture and distribution. No one continent will retain a balanced weapons industry or a complete inventory of them. Weapon components will be manufactured separately and then assembled on delivery to units. Weapon factories will be established in the poorest regions of the Earth.
All remaining nuclear weapons, Air and Naval Fleets, and surplus battle equipment will be mothballed and scrapped under World Court supervision. They would serve no useful purpose under a reasonable planetary regime—just as radioactive arsenals have served nothing but mythical purposes.
We should stop contaminating the anthrosphere with warfare toxins and stop lobotomizing scientific research by restricting it to military and paramilitary applications—then make the most of humanity’s enhanced creativity once those poisons and limitations have been seriously reduced if not eliminated.