George Orwell’s masterpiece, 1984, describes a hyper-Churchillian nation-state so powerful, it could adopt pure peace technology. Instead, it devotes itself to endless global warfare. At random intervals, it joins with or attacks its continental equivalents overseas. In this way, it spoils the prosperity and strains the discipline of its disinformed proletariat.
Post-Orwell weapon mentors have convinced us that the best way to safeguard human rights is to keep the government as clumsy and slow as possible. According to them, the more efficient the government, the less justice, peace and liberty can be expected from it. Of course, another advantage (unstated, of course) of such a stupid government is that it will allow the same weapon managers to carry out their criminal schemes without hindrance.
This is the 1984 Syndrome enshrined in weapon mythology. Actually, this myth promotes crypto-fascism (fascism that won’t acknowledge itself). Narrow-minded governments get themselves into jams, then stupidly try to extract themselves by piling terror on top of their abuse.
We could steer clear of this dodgy shoal by setting up efficient local Administrations overseen by the best possible World Government.
According to weapon religion, God reigns peremptorily from his storm cloud on high, without debate except among His select hierarchs and not really them either (Job). Similarly in pyramidal weapon hierarchies, commands descend without appeal from ranking info elites to the bottomed-out proletariat.
In a weapon state, responsibility, debate and creativity are rare privileges reserved for a trusted few. Weapon hierarchs find aid, comfort and advancement in arbitrary promotion criteria, departmental clannishness and pecking orders. Popular review of controversial topics is forbidden. Weapon managers rely on by-the-book solutions—no matter how lame they may prove to be. Regardless of real-time rights and wrongs, problems are dealt with by fiat, based on irrelevant traditions and misapplications of past precedent.
The syntax of weapon government usually begins with “Always” and “Never” followed by more or less reasonable imperatives and a menu of punishments for having disobeyed them. That of peace would be “What would work best to promote peace in this particular situation?” followed by a selection of best options and a list of results to be expected.
Weapon hierarchies come with built-in redundancy of personnel. They accept life-and-death decisions (even bad ones) without serious debate, despite the high-stress, high-mortality environment and information chaos of combat.
For example, in Queen Victoria’s day, families of the nobility could openly purchase officer commissions. The more money they tendered, the more prestigious the unit their candidate could sign up for, regardless of his merit. Thanks for this reminder, Paul Lackman.
Nowadays, not only are officer candidate postings up for sale to the richest families, but so is the Presidency of the United States and every position of responsibility below it. Good luck with that world-class weapon leadership with no competence at peace.
Weapon hierarchies promote authoriphiles who submit to superiors and tyrannize inferiors; they marginalize authoriphobes who challenge management prerogatives and empower their subordinates. The competence and job skills of new candidates are at best secondary considerations. No criminal genius goes unrewarded in a weapon civilization. Peace civilization would shield the innocent from them, exclude them from the elite and include others more empathic.
Another sorry tendency trips up the least incompetent weapon managers. Sooner or later, their weapon policies back them into an intolerable corner of unintended consequences. Attempting to turn the worst of them around, they treat each evil symptomatically, as if it had occurred in a vacuum. “Today, let’s discuss child abuse; tomorrow, local hunger. Next week, we’ll tackle traffic congestion; and next fiscal year, perhaps, corruption.” Of course, each new lunge at progress gets entangled in the social contradictions that swarm around it.
Leadership grows from respect. Respect can be founded on admiration or on fear. Terror is the final arbiter in weapon hierarchies where mediocre leaders flourish through counterfeit competition adjudicated from above with little concern for the needs of the led. Mid-level weapon managers boast of rewards they acquire at the expense of the led. They need a fortune to insulate themselves and their dependents from the worst consequences of the despotism he is part of; that padding is never thick enough. Their misrule forces weapon managers to rely on tyranny, unwholesome materialism, snowballing incoherence and hypocrisy as substitutes for valid ethics. When good ethics become superfluous, greed grows more brazen. Hierarchical leaders shatter bonds – social, emotional, economic and informational – that bind them more closely to the led. Each severed link subtracts from their ability (and willingness) to lead down the righteous path.
“In proportion as the chiefs become detached from the mass, they show themselves more and more inclined, when gaps in their own ranks have to be filled, to effect this, not by way of popular election, but by cooptation, and also to increase their own effectives wherever possible, by creating new posts upon their own initiative. There arises in leaders a tendency to isolate themselves, to form a sort of cartel, and to surround themselves, as it were, with a wall, within which they will admit only those who are of their own way of thinking. Instead of allowing their successors to be appointed by the choice of the rank and file, the leaders do all in their power to choose these successors themselves, and to fill up gaps in their own ranks directly or indirectly by the exercise of their own volition.” Robert Michels, “Political Parties, 1911”, taken from Princeton Readings in Political Thought, p. 526
Primal societies tended to compartmentalize their peace and warfare decision-makers. They delegated two leaders and two or more separate councils – blessed with different talents and sensibilities – to handle these clashing responsibilities. Often, a complex, clannish and shifting network of wise women, revered elders and shamans controlled the peaceful aspects of society. Young hotheads and grizzled veterans only did so during rare days of battle.
Peace leaders relied on open debate, consensus, voluntarism and cooperation. Leaders and the led shared rewards, values and available information freely. In short, they gossiped shamelessly. Fully qualified leaders recruited, challenged and replaced one another in a steady succession that shut out the incompetent and the wicked. If they overvalued the perks they had acquired at the expense of the led, they lost the respect upon which their authority was based, and sacrificed any claim to that authority; their power-base deflated like the red balloon.
No such selection process remains in weapons hierarchies where incompetents and sleazebags rule without hindrance—indeed, come to dominate society through the cumulative selection and replacement of like-minded malefactors. Communications tail off to pompous speeches, massive campaign contributions, empty promises and capricious expectations: Demo-Republican truthspeak.
Peace hierarchies would promote playful creativity in tranquil settings under token time constraints. Ideally suited to produce real, cooperative wealth under stable conditions, they are unsuited for the time-slaved rigors of warfare—much less the cutthroat, zero-sum competition of weapon management between its inevitable wars.
Popular aspirations must take precedence over hierarchic perks, and leadership must find its reward in its noble conduct, self-sacrifice and sparkling reputation. If the led do not expect this kind of leadership by long tradition, if they have been pistol-whipped into blind obedience to terror and arbitrary decisions made under its sway, then peace mentality cannot endure without collapsing into chaos. Everyone must be carefully retrained in peace.
A society may be materially poor, yet thrive under peace leadership. Its neighbor may be aswim in material goods, yet pauperize and lobotomize itself at the command of its corrupt weapon managers.
The best alternative would be a longstanding peace culture based on tradition, whose leadership benefited from unlimited abundance shared equally. The worst alternative is ours: interchangeable weapon managers hoarding wealth and power at the expense of a crushingly large but politically crushed majority, while wielding maximum firepower and not much else except the promise of future misery.